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法医学杂志 2018, Vol. 34 Issue (1) :67-72    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2018.01.013
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单眼视功能损害对双眼视影响的研究进展
檀思蕾1,2,陈捷敏2,王  萌2,周  姝2,夏文涛2
1. 苏州大学医学部法医学系,江苏 苏州 215123; 2. 司法鉴定科学研究院 上海市法医学重点实验室 上海市司法鉴定专业技术服务平台,上海 200063
Research Progress of the Effects of Monocular Visual Impairment on Binocular Vision
TAN Si-lei1,2, CHEN Jie-min2, WANG Meng2, ZHOU Shu2, XIA Wen-tao2
1. Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China; 2. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Shanghai Forensic Service Platform, Academy of Forensic Science, Shanghai 200063, China

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摘要 双眼视是指在大脑高级中枢把来自两眼的视觉信号进行分析,综合成一个完整的、具有立体感知觉印象的过程。在此过程中双眼相互影响使信号传出发生改变,称为双眼相互作用。通过一系列主观及客观实验证实双眼相互作用大致可以分为增强、平均与抑制三种形式,并且不同视觉状态下双眼相互作用的形式表现不同。日常生活中通常通过双眼相互作用对视觉信号进行加工,从而使双眼视与单眼视之间存在一定的差异。单眼视功能损害后可影响该差异的程度,从而影响双眼视。法医学鉴定工作者有必要对此深入研究,更全面地了解单眼视功能损害对视觉功能的实际影响程度。本文就单眼视功能损害对双眼视影响的机制、研究方法以及在法医学中的应用前景进行综述。
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檀思蕾
陈捷敏
王萌
关键词法医学;视觉   双眼;综述;视力损伤者;视觉   单眼;视觉障碍     
Abstract: Binocular vision refers to a progress of analysing and integrating the binocular visual signals into a whole and three-dimensional sensory perception by higher nerve centre. In this process, the interac- tion between the two eyes results in the changes of output signal, which is called binocular interaction. Through a series of subjective and objective experiments, it can be concluded that binocular interaction can be divided into three types: facilitation, summation and suppression, and the forms of binocular interaction in different visual states are different. In general, the visual signal is processed by binocular interaction, so that there are some differences between binocular vision and monocular vision. The extent of the difference can be affected by the damage of monocular vision and then affects the binocular vision. Thus, it is necessary for forensic scientists to further study the effects of the monocular visual impairment on visual function. Based on relevant data, this paper reviews the mechanism of the monocular visual impairment in binocular vision, the research methods and the application prospect in forensic science.
Keywordsforensic medicine   vision, binocular   review   visually impaired persons   vision, monocular   vision disorders     
Fund:

“十三五”国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFC0800 701);上海市法医学重点实验室资助项目(17DZ2273200);上海市司法鉴定专业技术服务平台资助项目(16DZ2290900)

Corresponding Authors: 夏文涛,男,研究员,硕士研究生导师,主要从事法医临床学研究与鉴定;E-mail:xiawentao629@163.com   
About author: 檀思蕾(1993—),女,硕士研究生,主要从事法医临床学研究;E-mail:TSLmail123456@163.com
引用本文:   
檀思蕾, 陈捷敏, 王萌,等.单眼视功能损害对双眼视影响的研究进展[J]  法医学杂志, 2018,34(1): 67-72
TAN Si-Lei, CHEN Jie-Min, WANG Meng,et al..Research Progress of the Effects of Monocular Visual Impairment on Binocular Vision[J]  , 2018,34(1): 67-72
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