法医学杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 87-90,98.DOI: 10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2019.490708

• 综 述 • 上一篇    下一篇

植物物证的法医学应用

张子龙1 ,梁伟波2 ,孙红兵1,3 ,杨鑫1,3 ,马丽英1 ,郑志祥1   

  1. 1. 甘肃省证据科学技术研究与应用重点实验室,甘肃 兰州 730070;2. 四川大学华西基础医学与法医学 院,四川 成都 610041;3. 兰州市公安局刑事警察支队,甘肃 兰州 730030
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-18 出版日期:2021-02-25 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 作者简介:张子龙(1981—),男,硕士,副研究员,主要从事法医物证学研究;E-mail:zzl6785@gsli.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(81302622,51862029);甘肃省教育厅科研计划资助项目(2015B-078);2020年陇原青年创 新创业人才(团队)资助项目;甘肃政法大学科研重大资助项目(2016XZD14,2016XZDLW18)

Forensic Application of Plant Evidence

ZHANG Zi-long1 , LIANG Wei-bo2 , SUN Hong-bing1,3 , YANG Xin1,3 , MA Li-ying1 , ZHENG Zhi-xiang1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Evidence Science and Technology Research and Application of Gansu Province, Lan? zhou 730070, China; 2. West China School of Basic Medical Sciences & Forensic Medicine, Sichuan Uni? versity, Chengdu 610041, China; 3. Criminal Police Detachment of Lanzhou Public Security Bureau, Lan? zhou 730030, China
  • Received:2019-07-18 Online:2021-02-25 Published:2021-02-25

摘要: 随着植物物证在案件侦破过程中的作用日益明显,应用植物学研究方法为刑事案件提供线索、证 据的“法医植物学”越来越受到关注。法医植物学常用的实验技术有形态学检验、理化检验、分子遗传学检 验等。本文通过整理法医植物学研究的相关文献及案例,以列举的形式简要阐述不同检验方法的利弊,总 结法医植物学应用中需要注意的问题,供案件现场勘验时参考。

关键词: 法医学, 植物, 证据, 综述

Abstract: With the increasingly obvious role of plant evidence in case detection, forensic botany, which provides clues and evidence in crime scene investigation by using botanical research method has attracted growing attention. The common experimental techniques used in forensic botany are morphological examination, physical and chemical examination, molecular genetic examination, and so on. This paper briefly expounds the advantages and disadvantages of different test methods, summarizes the problems that need to be paid attention to in the application of forensic botany by arranging the related literatures and cases of forensic botanical research, in order to provide reference for scene investigation of cases.

Key words: forensic medicine, plants, evidence, review

中图分类号: