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法医学杂志 2017, Vol. 33 Issue (06) :604-606    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.06.007
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498例海口市道路交通事故死亡案例的法医学分析
白茹1,陈明2
(1. 海口市公安局交警支队,海南 海口 570102; 2. 海南省公安厅交警总队,海南 海口 570102)
Forensic Analysis of 498 Road Traffic Accident Deaths in Haikou City
BAI Ru1, CHEN Ming2
(1. Traffic Police Branch, Haikou City Public Security Bureau, Haikou 570102, China; 2. Traffic Police Corps, Hainan Provincial Public Security Department, Haikou 570102, China)

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摘要 目的 分析海口市道路交通事故死亡案件的特点,为死亡原因鉴定及预防提供参考依据。 方法 收集2014—2016年海口市公安局交警支队受理的498例道路交通事故死亡的案例资料,对性别、年龄、案发时间、死者交通方式、肇事车辆类型及死亡原因等相关参数进行分析。 结果 死者年龄以21~40岁居多,男女性之比为3∶1;案发时间以每年3、4、5月及10月,每天的6:01~8:00及20:01~22:00为高峰期;死者交通方式以驾(摩托车和电动车)的发生率最高(30.9%);肇事车辆以摩托车和电动车为主(57.4%);死亡原因以颅脑损伤居多,胸腹部损伤次之。 结论 道路交通事故死亡案件的尸体检验对死亡性质及责任认定有重要作用和意义。
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白茹
陈明
关键词法医病理学;事故   交通;尸体解剖;死亡原因;案例分析     
Abstract: Objective To analyse the characteristics of road traffic accident deaths in Haikou city, and to provide reference for the identification of causes of death and the preventive measures. Methods Totally 498 road traffic accident deaths accepted by the Traffic Police Branch of Haikou City Public Security Bureau in 2014—2016 were collected, and the related parameters such as sex, age, time of the accidents, travel mode of the victims, the types of vehicle and the cause of death were analysed. Results Most victims aged 21-40 years old with the sex ratio of 3:1, and the accidents mainly happened in March, April, May and October and peaked at 6:01-8:00 and 20:01-22:00 per day. Riding motorbike and electric bicycle, as travel modes, had the highest accident incidence (30.9%). The vast majority of involved vehicles were motorbike and electric bicycle (57.4%). The most common cause of death was craniocerebral injury, followed by chest and abdominal injury. Conclusion The autopsy of road traffic accident deaths plays an important role in identification of death manner and responsibility confirmation.
Keywordsforensic pathology   accidents, traffic   autopsy   cause of death   cases analysis     
About author: 白茹(1977—),女,主检法医师,主要从事法医临床学和法医病理学的研究和鉴定;E-mail:2539664740@qq.com
引用本文:   
白茹, 陈明.498例海口市道路交通事故死亡案例的法医学分析[J]  法医学杂志, 2017,V33(06): 604-606
BAI Ru, CHEN Ming.Forensic Analysis of 498 Road Traffic Accident Deaths in Haikou City[J]  , 2017,V33(06): 604-606
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