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法医学杂志 2017, Vol. 33 Issue (5) :497-500    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.05.010
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根据颅骨特征推断中国东北地区汉族成年男性眼外形
徐光勇1,田  露1,张建华
1. 上海市公安局浦东分局 刑事科学技术研究所,上海 200135; 2. 司法鉴定科学研究院 上海市法医学重点实验室 上海市司法鉴定专业技术服务平台,上海 200063
Estimation of External Features of Eyes for the Adult Male of Han Nationality in Northeast China Based on the Characteristics of Skull
XU GUANG-YONG1, TIAN LU1, ZHANG JIAN-HUA2
1. Institute of Criminal Science and Technology, Pudong Branch of Shanghai Public Security Bureau, Shanghai 200135, China; 2. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Shanghai Forensic Service Platform, Academy of Forensic Science, Shanghai 200063, China

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摘要 目的 研究颅骨影像学指标与眼外形之间的相关性。 方法 对101例20~40周岁中国东北地区汉族成年男性,拍摄头面部正面相片和正侧位X线片,对面宽(x1)、上面宽(x2)、两眶宽(x3)、全面高(x4)、上面高(x5)、颅骨最大宽(x6)、额骨最小宽(x7)、眶宽Ⅱ(x8)、前眶间宽(x9)、全颅最大高(x10)、鼻骨最小宽(x11)、眶高(x12)进行测量及统计学分析。 结果 通过线性回归分析,建立的推定眼内眦间距(y1)、眼外眦间距(y2)的回归方程分别为y1=0.025 x2+0.291 x3-0.011 x7+0.041 x10-0.525(R=0.613,SEE=0.222 cm)、y2=1.703-0.08 x2+0.573 x3-0.142 x4+0.421 x5+0.096 x7-0.256 x8+0.149 x9+0.071 x10(R=0.745,SEE=0.341 cm)。经回代检验,两方程在±1SEE的准确率分别为75.2%和80.2%。 结论 所建立的眼外形的回归方程具有较高的推定精度,可以用于实际颅骨面貌复原工作。
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徐光勇1
露1
张建华
关键词法医人类学   测颅法   面貌复原   回归分析   眼外形   汉族   男性     
Abstract: Objective To explore the correlation between the imaging parameters of skull and the external features of eyes. Methods Positive images of the head face and the frontal and lateral X-ray films were obtained from 101 cases of adult males of the Han nationality aged from 20 to 40 years old in Northeast China. The face width (x1), upper face width (x2), biorbital width (x3), all facial height (x4), upper facial height (x5), maximum breadth of skull (x6), minimum breadth of frontal bone (x7), orbital widthⅡ(x8), anterior interorbital breadth (x9), maximum height of skull (x10), minimum width of nasal bone (x11) and orbital height (x12) were measured and the data were statistically analysed. Results Through the linear regression analysis, the regression equations of the presumed inboard canthi (y1) and outboard canthi distances (y2) were established, respectively, which were y1=0.025 x2+0.291 x3-0.011 x7+0.041 x10-0.525(R=0.613, SEE=0.222 cm) and y2=1.703-0.08 x2+0.573 x3-0.142 x4+0.421 x5+0.096 x7-0.256 x8+0.149 x9+0.071 x10(R=0.745, SEE=0.341 cm). The back-substitution check showed that the accuracy rate of two equations at ±1SEE were 75.2% and 80.2%, respectively. Conclusion The established regression equations of external features of eyes have high estimation accuracy, which can be used to the practical work of facial reconstruction.
Keywordsforensic anthropology   cephalometry   facial reconstruction   regression analysis   external features of eye   Han nationality   male     
About author: 徐光勇(1978—),男,硕士,主检法医师,主要从事法医病理学研究;E-mail:22685918@qq.com
引用本文:   
徐光勇,田 露,张建华.根据颅骨特征推断中国东北地区汉族成年男性眼外形[J]  法医学杂志, 2017,33(5): 497-500
XU GUANG-YONG, TIAN LU, ZHANG JIAN-HUA.Estimation of External Features of Eyes for the Adult Male of Han Nationality in Northeast China Based on the Characteristics of Skull[J]  , 2017,33(5): 497-500
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