New Opportunities and Challenges for Forensic Medicine in the Era of Artificial Intelligence Technology#br#
FANG Ya-ting1, LAN Qiong1, XIE Tong1, LIU Yan-fang1, MEI Shu-yan1, ZHU Bo-feng1,2
1. School of Forensic Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China; 2. Research Center of Shaanxi Province for Craniofacial Precision Medicine, College of Stomatology, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Shaanxi 710049, China
Traditional forensic identification relies on forensic experts to manually extract information and provide identification opinions based on medicine, biology and other fields of knowledge combined with personal work experience, which is not only time-consuming and require great effort, but also affected by subjective factors that are difficult to overcome. In the era of big data, the booming development of artificial intelligence brings new ideas to forensic medicine. In recent years, forensic researchers at home and abroad have conducted many studies based on artificial intelligence technology, such as face recognition, age and gender identification, DNA analysis, postmortem interval estimation, injury and cause of death identification, showing the feasibility and advantages of using artificial intelligence technology to solve forensic identification problems. As a new means of technology that has adapted to the development of the times, artificial intelligence has brought new vitality to forensic medicine, but at the same time also some new challenges. How to deal with these challenges scientifically and form a new mode of ‘artificial intelligence plus forensic medicine’ with artificial intelligence and forensic medicine developing collaboratively is a new direction for the development of forensic medicine in the era of big data.