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法医学杂志 2018, Vol. 34 Issue (3) :280-285    DOI: 10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2018.03.013
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基于牙本质-牙髓复合体增龄性变化推断年龄的研究进展
储  光1,2,张智勇1,2,周  洪1,2,阎春霞3,陈  腾3,郭昱成1,2
1. 陕西省颅颌面精准医学研究重点实验室,陕西 西安 710004; 2. 西安交通大学口腔医院正畸科,陕西 西安 710004; 3. 西安交通大学医学部法医学院,陕西 西安 710061
Research Progress of Age Estimation Based on Age-related Changes of Dentin-pulp Complex
CHU Guang1,2, ZHANG Zhi-yong1,2, ZHOU Hong1,2, YAN Chun-xia3, CHEN Teng3, GUO Yu-cheng1,2
1. Key Laboratory of Shaanxi Province for Craniofacial Precision Medicine Research, Xi’an 710004, China; 2. Department of Orthodontics, Stomatological Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710004, China; 3. College of Forensic Science, Xi’an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi’an 710061, China

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摘要 年龄推断是法医学实践中的热点问题,同时也是难点问题。牙齿是人体最坚硬的器官,在体外保存时间较长。随着年龄增长,继发性牙本质逐渐生成,髓腔体积不断减小,法医牙科学家提出通过牙本质-牙髓复合体的增龄性变化来推断年龄。近年来该方法在法医学年龄推断中得到了广泛应用。随着影像学技术的发展,法医牙科学家提出了多种方法评估牙本质-牙髓复合体增龄性变化从而推断年龄,不同测量方法各有优缺点,这要求法医工作者需根据实际情况对多种方法综合运用,提高年龄推断的准确性。本文对国内外利用牙本质-牙髓复合体进行年龄推断的研究现状进行综述,以期对相关领域研究提供参考。
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储光
张智勇
周洪
关键词法医人类学   法医牙科学   综述   年龄测定   牙齿   牙本质   牙髓   牙本质-牙髓复合体     
Abstract: Age estimation is a hot and difficult issue in forensic practice. Teeth are the most solid organs in human body and can be kept in vitro for a long time. With age, the secondary dentin gradually generates and the volume of pulp cavity constantly decreases. Therefore, forensic dentists proposed that age-related changes of dentin-pulp complex could be used to estimate age, which has been widely applied in forensic practice over the years. Due to the development of imaging technology, a variety of methods have been advocated by forensic dentists to detect the age-related changes of dentin-pulp complex for age estimation. However, different methods have their own advantages and limitations, forensic scientists should combine the use of different methods for improving the accuracy of age estimation according to the actual situation. This paper reviews current research of age estimation based on dentin-pulp complex, so as to provide reference for related research.
Keywordsforensic anthropology   forensic dentistry   review   age determination by teeth   dentin   dental pulp   dentin-pulp complex     
Fund:国家自然科学基金资助项目(81701869);西安交通大学基本科研业务费资助项目(xjj2017168)
Corresponding Authors: 郭昱成,男,助理研究员,主要从事口腔正畸学和法医牙科学的临床和研究;E-mail:xjtu-guoyucheng@163.com   
About author: 储光(1994—),男,硕士研究生,主要从事口腔正畸学和法医牙科学的临床和研究;E-mail:771298304@qq.com
引用本文:   
储光,张智勇,周洪,等.基于牙本质-牙髓复合体增龄性变化推断年龄的研究进展[J]  法医学杂志, 2018,34(3): 280-285
CHU Guang, ZHANG Zhi-yong, ZHOU Hong, et al.Research Progress of Age Estimation Based on Age-related Changes of Dentin-pulp Complex[J]  法医学杂志, 2018,34(3): 280-285
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