法医学杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 81-86.DOI: 10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2019.291211

• 综 述 • 上一篇    下一篇

利用额窦影像进行个体识别的研究进展

吴畏,李媛,范飞,张奎,邓振华   

  1. 四川大学华西基础医学与法医学院,四川 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-18 出版日期:2021-02-25 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 邓振华,男,硕士,教授,主要从事法医影像学与法医临床学教学、科研和鉴定;E-mail:fydzh63@163.com
  • 作者简介:吴畏(1993—),女,硕士研究生,主要从事法医影像学与法医临床学研究;E-mail:wuweiscu@163.com

Research Progress on Individual Identification by Frontal Sinus Imaging

WU Wei, LI Yuan, FAN Fei, ZHANG Kui, DENG Zhen-hua   

  1. West China School of Basic Medical Sciences & Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2019-12-18 Online:2021-02-25 Published:2021-02-25

摘要: 鉴于额窦不规则气腔形态的高度特异性、成熟后形态不变的稳定性以及放射学技术在临床的广 泛应用,额窦影像已成为法医学个体识别的重要研究对象。利用额窦影像进行个体识别已具有法庭意 义。当DNA和指纹等传统个体识别方法应用受限或无法有效进行,或缺乏相应的牙科记录等情况时,额窦 影像对比是有效的个体识别替代方法。多种影像资料都可用于额窦的个体识别,以人工视觉观测分析为 主要方式,受专业性要求高、效率低及应用范围小等限制,无法有效应用于大型灾难等情况。近年来,一些 计算机图像识别技术被应用于额窦影像的识别中,能显著提高识别的效率,有望克服人工识别效率低等应 用困难。本研究对额窦影像用于法医学个体识别的报道进行总结,以回顾额窦影像用于个体识别的研究 进展,为额窦影像的进一步研究提供参考,为探索及建立一套更加快捷、高效及准确的个体识别方法提供 思路。

关键词: 法医人类学, 放射学, 额窦, 个体识别, 综述

Abstract: Frontal sinus imaging is an important research object in forensic individual identification due to the highly specific irregular air cavity shape of frontal sinus, the stability of its shape after maturity, and the wide clinical application of radiology technology. The use of frontal sinus imaging for individual identification has significance in the court. When the application of traditional individual identification methods such as fingerprint identification and DNA analysis are limited or cannot be effectively carried out, or when the corresponding dental records are lacking and in other special cases, individual identification with frontal sinus imaging comparison is an effective alternative. Various types of image data can be used for individual identification with frontal sinus, mainly based on artificial visual comparing. With limitations such as, high professional requirements, low efficiency and small application range, the methods cannot be used in mass disasters. In recent years, some computer image recognition techniques have been used in identification of frontal sinus imagings and can significantly improve the efficiency of recognition. Difficulties such as low manual recognition efficiency may be overcomed. This study summarizes the reports on forensic individual identification using frontal sinus imaging, to review the research progress on individual identification with frontal sinus imaging, to provide a reference for further research on frontal sinus imaging, and to provide ideas for exploration and establishment of a faster, more efficient and more accurate individual identification system.

Key words: forensic anthropology, radiology, frontal sinus, individual identification, review

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